Folia Philosophica <div class="WordSection1"> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>Folia Philosophica</em> publishes <strong>research articles</strong> exploring the central areas of philosophy: ontology, epistemology, ethics, anthropology, social philosophy, philosophy of religion, or the history of philosophy. Its <strong>review</strong> section offers readers insights into the evolution of philosophical thought as reflected in the recent publications. As a journal whose legacy is over three decades old, Folia Philosphica welcomes a wide range of submissions in English, German and in Polish.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">We are open to reflection in all areas of philosophy. <em>Folia Philosophica</em> publishes high-quality contributions by international scholars. With the local audience in mind, it also offers <strong>translations</strong> of philosophical texts – both by classical philosophers and by prominent representatives of contemporary philosophy - to international audiences. It welcomes articles by contributors from all over the world, aiming to go beyond the national scope and join the international discussion on current philosophical issues, which brings together a variety of perspectives and voices.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The journal does not charge any fees for publishing articles and is available free of charge in the Open Access Gold formula.</p> </div> en-US <p><strong>The Copyright Owners of the submitted texts grant the Reader the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY-SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.<br><br></strong>1. License<br><br>The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license (<a href=""></a>). Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY-SA 4.0 license.<br><br>2. Author’s Warranties<br><br>The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.<br><br>If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International".<br><br>ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).<br><br>3. User Rights<br><br>Under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.<br><br>4. Co-Authorship<br><br>If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.<br><br>I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.</p> (Redakcja) (Zespół ds. czasopism) Wed, 26 Jul 2023 08:03:58 +0000 OJS 60 What Does It Mean to Be a Critical Realist? Two Different Answers: Nicolai Hartmann’s and Richard Hӧnigswald’s <p>Iwona Alechnowicz-Skrzypek’s aim in this paper is to compare the two non-specific Neo Kantians, admittedly both representing critical realism. Nicolai Hartmann, a follower of the Marburg School, was an idealist before becoming a critical realist, while Richard Hӧnigswald, a student of Alois Riehl, held on to the position of critical realism from the beginning of his philosophical career. There are many similarities between Hartmann and Hӧnigswald in terms of their understanding of the concept of realism. There are also <br>several differences, which mostly relate to how they addressed the question of the thing-in-itself. The most important difference concerns their solution of the problem of empirical data as a basis for the mental representation of objects. A comparison of Hartmann’s and Hӧnigswald’s approaches to this problem helps us to understand why both are considered non-specific neo-Kantians.</p> Iwona Alechnowicz-Skrzypek ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Kant’s Transcendental Philosophy. Marian Massonius’s Approach to Immanuel Kant’s Critical Philosophy <p>In the article, Anna Musioł, by referring to the assumptions of Marian Massonius’s&nbsp;doctoral dissertation and taking into account the assumptions of his several smaller works,&nbsp;considers Massonius’s approach to the Kantian system of critical philosophy. Analyzing,&nbsp;inter alia, the problem of analytical and synthetic judgments, and a priori synthetic judgments,&nbsp;Musioł addresses the issue of the possibility of pure mathematics. She considers the&nbsp;problem of time and space and analyzes the ways of presenting Kantian antinomies and&nbsp;the theory of cognition developed in the context of idealism and realism as well as the&nbsp;realism of time and space. Additionally, Musioł focuses on the problem of Massonius’s&nbsp;moderate agnosticism and his scientific approach to philosophy. Finally, she proposes&nbsp;an answer to the fundamental question, Why did Massonius, like the early neo-Kantist&nbsp;Liebmann in 1865, challenge a return to Kant (Zurück zu Kant!) and advocate as necessary&nbsp;the development of a critical formula of the a priori forms of the mind?</p> Anna Musioł ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Concept of Scientific Ethics and Visions of Moral Progress by Main Representatives of Polish Positivist Thought <p>The article presents one of the components of the intellectual legacy of Polish positivism, a philosophical position which proposed a new attitude towards ethical issues. Its representatives put forward the notion of scientific ethics, reducing moral philosophy to it. They strongly emphasized their critical attitude towards traditional ethics, for which there was no place in the positivist model of science, and proposed a distinction between theoretical and practical ethics. Their project was motivated by an ambition to make ethics <br>into jurisprudence, a discipline whose accuracy would make it similar to other sciences. Their efforts were consistently motivated by the idea of making ethics into an empirical and applied science. This scientific ethics would fulfill the important task of forming a set of moral requirements, which, by referring to moral knowledge (“ethology”), would have a chance of influencing the conduct of individuals and society. The new ethics was expected to contribute to the change in social morality and thus greatly support moral progress, an issue which was hotly debated. All positivists subscribed to the idea of progress, including that of morality; however, some differences can be discerned in how they defined progress. Some defined it in realistic categories, while others focused on optimistic visions of the future. Among the first advocates of scientific ethics and of the idea of moral progress, differences notwithstanding, were Aleksander Świętochowski, Julian Ochorowicz, Feliks Bogacki, Władysław Kozłowski, and Bolesław Prus. The article gives an overview of some of their views.</p> Włodzimierz Tyburski ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 12 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Anthony Ashley Cooper Shaftesbury: Self <p>&nbsp;The Self is the first Polish translation of an excerpt from Shaftesbury’s notebooks entitled Askêmata. The text proves that these notebooks not only complement the contents of his Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, the three-volume set which made Shaftesbury a famous and influential philosopher but is to be seen mainly as a kind of moral exercises and soliloquies in which Shaftesbury comments the works of the stoics: Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius. In one of the previous issues of „Folia Philosophica” three other excerpts from the same set were published: Character and Conduct, Attention and Relaxation, and Improvement; the present one is a continuation of the series.</p> Adam Grzeliński ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 09 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Gottlob Frege’s Letters. A Few Remarks on the Polish-Language Edition of Frege’s Scientific Correspondence [rev. Gottlob Frege: Korespondencja naukowa] <p>The present article reviews the Polish-language edition of Gottlob Frege’s scientific correspondence. In the article, I discuss the material hitherto unpublished in Polish in relation to the remainder of Frege’s works. First of all, I inquire into the role and nature of definitions. Then, I consider Frege’s recognition criteria for sameness of thoughts. In the article’s third part, I study letters devoted to the principle of semantic compositionality, while in the fourth part I discuss Frege’s remarks concerning the context principle.</p> Krystian Bogucki ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 27 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0000