No Limits <p>“No Limits” is a new popular science journal at the University of Silesia in Katowice. We use an attractive format to present interesting, innovative, and important scientific research which is conducted at our university, or in cooperation with the University of Silesia.</p> <p>The semi-annual journal is addressed to a wide audience, especially to those who are interested in discoveries in the world of science, innovative solutions, technology, as well as new materials and technologies. The first issue was dedicated to the subjects related to climate change.</p> Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach | University of Silesia in Katowice en-US No Limits 2719-2830 <p><strong>The Copyright Holders of the submitted text are the Author and the Publisher. The Reader is granted the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.</strong></p> <ol> <li class="show">License</li> </ol> <p>The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY 4.0 license (<a href=""></a>). Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY 4.0 license.</p> <ol start="2"> <li class="show">Author’s Warranties</li> </ol> <p>The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.</p> <p>If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution - By the same conditions 4.0 International".</p> <p>ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).</p> <ol start="3"> <li class="show">User Rights</li> </ol> <p>Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.</p> <ol start="4"> <li class="show">Co-Authorship</li> </ol> <p>If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.</p> <p>I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.</p> To give your child a happy life <p>Some children may struggle with serious health problems right from the very beginning. In such cases, they will be looked after by specialists and offered assistance in coping with their illnesses. Some of them are temporary and completely curable. Developmental abnormalities aren’t always noticed right away. Sometimes a child needs to start crawling, moving around, and babbling to show that they are suffering from an abnormality. To ensure that their children are off to a good start, many parents opt for early childhood development support classes.</p> Katarzyna Suchańska Sylwia Wrona ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 4 5 The idea behind art education <p>Art education plays an important role in children and young people’s educational process. It is crucial in developing imagination, creativity, communication skills, problem-solving skills, and self-expression through various artistic media such as drawing, painting, photography, music, and dance. Through art, children learn to express their thoughts in an original and unique way and to relate to their environment.</p> Agnieszka Sikora Urszula Szuścik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 6 9 To learn about cultures is to appreciate differences – intercultural education <p>For centuries, there has been great ethnic and religious diversity in the territory of present-day Poland. It was not until the forced resettlement of the population after 1945 and the attempts to create a single, valid ‘Polish identity model’ that Poland became one of the most homogeneous countries in the world. It is more difficult for us to open up to people from other cultures when we are not in contact with them, and it is also easier to fall into the trap of stereotypes. The solution may lie in intercultural education, making it easier to open up to the ‘stranger’.</p> Weronika Cygan Barbara Grabowska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 10 11 Fitting in with the key or finding your own approach <p>A fundamental mistake of the education system in many countries, including Poland, is that in secondary schools we teach young people for the sole purpose of achieving the best possible score on the Matura exam. You have to fit in with the answer key. But we need the right competencies, the basic knowledge and skills to help us make rational and responsible decisions in a world where economics still triumphs over environmental concerns. We should start acquiring these competencies from the very beginning of our education at school and develop them throughout the rest of our lives.</p> Małgorzata Kłoskowicz Aleksandra Nadgórska-Socha Magdalena Rost-Roszkowska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 12 15 Towards symbiocene. The future of climate education in Poland <p>Schools need to teach about what is happening to our planet and reflect critically on the ways in which <em>Homo sapiens</em> has been inhabiting it based on destruction, extraction, and exploitation. The degradation of the environment will not leave the morality, sensitivity, and imagination of the youngest generation unaffected, and we will all feel its consequences. Therefore, schools have the duty to prepare students for the inevitable.</p> Adam Bała Magdalena Ochwat Piotr Skubała ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 16 19 Video games. Creative space and learning aid <p>People involved in education have now recognised that games are a part of culture and that video game specialists should be invited to cooperate. However, teacher training within a variety of fields still lacks classes devoted to game culture. There still isn’t a textbook that would explain how to teach games. We need systemic solutions that will provide proper assistance for teachers.</p> Tomasz Płosa Michał Kłosiński ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 20 23 Digital education: the key to success in the 21st century <p>At the end of 2023, Eurostat published a digital competence report. 56% of European Union citizens aged 16-74 possess at least some basic digital skills. The highest percentage was recorded in the Netherlands (83%), Finland (82%), and Denmark (70%) and the lowest in Romania (28%), Bulgaria (36%), and Poland (44%). These figures do not inspire optimism given the role digitality plays in our lives. By 2030, not less than 80% of EU citizens should have at least a basic level of digital literacy. This is the target of the EU programme setting the course for digital transformation in Europe.</p> Olimpia Orządała Monika Karwacka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 24 25 AI in the classroom <p>Operating billet heaters in hazardous conditions, working with dangerous machinery, handling heavy products in a warehouse... Without a question, AI-controlled devices should replace us in some of these activities. It could prove difficult for us to get used to travelling in self-driving buses, although autonomous vehicles are already being gradually introduced into public transport. The rapid acceleration in the development of large-scale language models – with the high-profile ChatGPT leading the charge – has, on the other hand, led to a resurgence of discussion on the role of AI tools in university education. Everyone agrees on one thing, though: the model of academic education as we know it is undergoing a radical change right before our very eyes.</p> Tomek Grząślewicz Agnieszka Nowak-Brzezińska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 26 27 Escape room as homework <p>An escape room is literally a room you have to escape from used primarily for entertainment. But it can also be turned into an innovative educational method and offered to students. The most significant advantages of the educational escape room are not only the information provided in a very creative way but also the opportunity to develop many competencies. These include: critical and logical thinking, cooperation and teamwork in general, effective communication, scenario building, and creativity. It is also a great tool to motivate students to become more involved in the classroom.</p> Małgorzata Kłoskowicz Evelina Bendoraitienė ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 28 29 Why should we study attitudes? Adult educational beliefs and their social significance <p>Attitudes are the central part of everyone’s individuality; they keep changing and moulding all throughout life, in the development process of each person. Understanding and exploring adult attitudes towards education is therefore essential, as they reflect societal values and influence future generations. Adults, who are role models for younger generations, have a huge impact on shaping the attitudes and behaviour of children and youth.</p> Anna Orlińska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 1(9) 30 31