Hugo Pratt and Milo Manara’s <i>Indian Summer</i>: An Italian “Source” for <i>The Scarlet Letter</i>


Giorgio Mariani
Università “Sapienza” di Roma

Hugo Pratt’s and Milo Manara’s Indian Summer:
An Italian “Source” for The Scarlet Letter

This paper examines the allusions of Milo Manara’s and Hugo Pratt’s graphic novel, Tutto ricominciò con un’estate indiana (Indian Summer), to Hawthorne’s novel The Scarlett Letter in a variety of ways. In particular, this paper argues that not only some of Pratt and Manara’s characters are very liberal, creative reinventions of Hawthorne’s figures—they might be seen as “spin-offs” of Hawthorne’s narrative—but in many ways Indian Summer is also thematically close to The Scarlet Letter.


The Scarlet Letter; Indian Summer; Hugo Pratt; Milo Manara; Nathaniel Hawthorne; Comparative Italian American Studies; Literary History

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Published : 2017-11-30

MarianiG. (2017). Hugo Pratt and Milo Manara’s <i>Indian Summer</i>: An Italian “Source” for <i>The Scarlet Letter</i&gt;. Review of International American Studies, 10(2). Retrieved from

Giorgio Mariani
Dipartimento di Studi Europei, Americani e Interculturali Università "Sapienza" di Roma  Italy
Giorgio Mariani is Professor of American Literature at the Sapienza University of Rome, where he chairs the Doctoral program in Scienze del Testo. He served as President of the International American Studies Association from 2011 to 2015. He is the author, editor, and co-editor of numerous volumes on American literature and culture. His essays and reviews have appeared in journals such as American Literary History, Studies in American Fiction, Leviathan, Stephen Crane Studies, Letterature d’America, Nuova Corrente, RIAS—The Review of International American Studies, and others. His latest book, Waging War on War. Peacefighting in American Literature was published in 2015 by the University of Illinois Press.

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