Epilogue—Turning to the Wall: Concepts across Space and Time
University of Stirling
Scotland, United Kingdom
Epilogue—Turning to the Wall:
Concepts across Space and Time
Abstract: The epilogue to this journal issue interrogates a variety of aspects of walls as mental structures and tropes of historical memory. Engaging with the issue’s contributing authors, Tóth argues that the idea of the wall functions as metonymy, activating a siege mentality and mobilizing its target audience – hence its rhetorical power and attraction as policy. Discussing the wall’s symbology as a border of the nation state but also pointing out its increasing privatization, the piece concludes with an exploration of the potential that walls may have for the creative subversion of their original function to seal off, categorize and divide humans.
Keywords: commentary, Trump, historical memory, metonymy, art
commentary; Trump; historical memory; metonymy; art
“Baltic States Concerned About Large Russian Minority.” Stratfor Worldview, October 16, 2014. worldview.stratfor.com/article/baltic-states-concerned-about-large-russian-minority.
Bernstein, Seth. “Remembering War, Remaining Soviet: Digital Commemoration of World War II in Putin’s Russia.” Memory Studies, Vol 9, Issue 4, 2016: 422 - 436.
Bruce, Steve. “Scottish Sectarianism? Let's Lay this Myth to Rest.” The Guardian, April 24, 2011. www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2011/apr/24/scotland-sectarianism-research-data.
Cavitch, Max. “Emma Lazarus and the Golem of Liberty,” The Traffic in Poems: Nineteenth-Century Poetry and Transatlantic Exchange, edited by Meredith L. McGill, Rutgers University Press, 2008, pp. 97-122.
Englehardt, Tom. The End of Victory Culture: Cold War America and the Disillusioning of a Generation. Harper Collins, 1995.
Susan Faludi, The Terror Dream: What 9/11 Revealed about America. Atlantic Books, 2007.
Gárdonyi, Géza. Egri Csillagok. 1901. Móra Könyvkiadó, 1980.
Gárdonyi, Géza. Eclipse of the Crescent Moon: A Tale of the Siege of Eger, 1552. Translated by George F. Cushing, Corvina, 2005.
Jacobo, Juli. “Donald Trump Says He Will Get 'Bad Hombres' Out of US.” ABC News, October 19, 2016. abcnews.go.com/Politics/donald-trump-bad-hombres-us/story?id=42926041.
Kozák, Kryštof. “Superiors, Victims, or Neighbors? The Collective Memory Divide between Anglos and Mexicans,” The United States as a Divided Nation - Past and Present, edited by Marcin Grabowski, Kryštof Kozák and György Tóth, Peter Lang, 2014, pp. 269-286.
Montgomery, Michael. “Ulster Scots.” BBC, September 18, 2014. Archived. www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/plantation/ulsterscots/index.shtml.
“President Meets with Congressional Leaders on Immigration.” C-SPAN, January 9, 2018. www.c-span.org/video/?439527-1/president-trump-open-tackling-daca-fix-first-border-wall.
“Scottish Football 'a Cause of Sectarianism'”. BBC News, February 20, 2015. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-31552813 ; and Steve Bruce, “Scottish sectarianism? Let's lay this myth to rest.” The Guardian, April 24, 2011.
Székely, Bertalan. Egri nők [The women of Eger]. 1867. One Hundred Beautiful Paintings. National Szechenyi Library of Hungary. mek.oszk.hu/01400/01474/html/szuletes.htm.
Taylor, David. “Old Firm clash songs: What Celtic and Rangers fans are banned from singing - and what's allowed.” Daily Record, January 28, 2015. www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/old-firm-clash-songs-what-5060640.
The Great Wall. Universal, 2016. Directed by directed by Zhang Yimou. www.uphe.com/movies/the-great-wall.
The West Wing, episode 21, season 3. Written by Aaron Sorkin, directed by Thomas Schlamme. NBC. Original air date May 15, 2002.
The Copyright Holder of the submitted text is the Author. The Reader is granted the rights to use the material available in the RIAS websites and pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative CommonsAttribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0). Any commercial use requires separate written agreement with the Author and a proper credit line indicating the source of the original publication in RIAS.
The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY 4.0 license.
- Author’s Warranties
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.
If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution - By the same conditions 4.0 International".
ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).
- User Rights
Under the Creative Commons Attribution license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.
I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.