What Does It Mean to Be a Critical Realist? Two Different Answers: Nicolai Hartmann’s and Richard Hӧnigswald’s


Iwona Alechnowicz-Skrzypek’s aim in this paper is to compare the two non-specific Neo Kantians, admittedly both representing critical realism. Nicolai Hartmann, a follower of the Marburg School, was an idealist before becoming a critical realist, while Richard Hӧnigswald, a student of Alois Riehl, held on to the position of critical realism from the beginning of his philosophical career. There are many similarities between Hartmann and Hӧnigswald in terms of their understanding of the concept of realism. There are also
several differences, which mostly relate to how they addressed the question of the thing-in-itself. The most important difference concerns their solution of the problem of empirical data as a basis for the mental representation of objects. A comparison of Hartmann’s and Hӧnigswald’s approaches to this problem helps us to understand why both are considered non-specific neo-Kantians.


Nicolai Hartmann; Richard Hӧnigswald; neo-Kantianism; critical realism

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Published : 2022-12-31

Alechnowicz-SkrzypekI. (2022). What Does It Mean to Be a Critical Realist? Two Different Answers: Nicolai Hartmann’s and Richard Hӧnigswald’s. Folia Philosophica, 48, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.31261/fp.13061

Iwona Alechnowicz-Skrzypek  ialechnowicz@uni.opole.pl
University of Opole  Poland

Iwona Alechnowicz-Skrzypek – doktor habilitowana, emerytowana profesor Uniwersytetu Opolskiego. W kręgu jej zainteresowań badawczych znajdują się dwudziestowieczna filozofia niemiecka i austriacka, relacje między filozofią a psychologią, a także filozoficzna przeszłość Wrocławia.

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