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Theory and Practice of Second Language Acquisition

Style Guide for Authors

Submit manuscripts formatted in APA (American Psychological Association, 7th ed.).

All manuscripts must include an abstract in English (maximum of 250 words). After the abstract please provide keywords.

Main text: 12 Times New Roman

Long citations (more than 40 words): 10 Times New Roman, indent by 1 tab either side, one empty line above and below, no quotation marks.

1,5 spacing

TAPSLA Template for downloading


Submission process

1. All papers are to be submitted as MS Windows-compatible word processor files, preferably Word for Windows .doc or .docx files. The file name should start with your surname followed by your first name and the word ‘Text’. Tables and Figures should be saved in a separate file from the rest of the manuscript, also named with your surname and name, followed by the word ‘Figures’. The file with the figures should not be placed in the place designed for the text, but as a supplementary file. After online submission, the file names will be coded, so that the identity of the author is not known to the reviewer.

2. The submissions should be made online, through the individual account at the TAPSLA website. Authors not having an account with TAPSLA must first register as ‘author’ and create their account. Together with the paper, the authors also will have to supply some metadata, as required in the submission process, by filling in all the boxes marked as obligatory. Strictly following the submission instructions and supplying all metadata (especially References) is extremely important, because it ensures correct operation of data harvesting engines, which ultimately translates into much better visibility of the papers in databases and search results, as well as their correct indexing and citation records.

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3. To make sure the paper is correctly formatted, it is advised to download the article template using this link, and use the ready-made formats for all sections of the paper and for all types of references. IMPORTANT: do not change the first two lines in the template, where author’s name and affiliation should be provided, when submitting your paper for consideration and review. You will supply this information AFTER the review process is completed and the revised and corrected version of the paper is uploaded for copyediting.

APA headings




                                 Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings


   Flush left, Boldface, Title Case Heading

   Text begins as a new paragraph.


  Flush Left, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading

  Text begins as a new paragraph.


           Indented, Boldface Title Case Heading Ending With a Period.   Paragraph text continues on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph. 


          Indented, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading Ending With a Period. Paragraph text continues on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph.

Please provide numbers (1, 1.1, 1.1.1, etc.) to all headings in order to facilitate a faster editorial process. In the end, the numbers will be deleted, therefore do not make text references to numbers of headings but only to sections’ titles.  

Author data

First name last name  TNR (Times New Roman)-12

Affiliation TNR-11

Title Times New Roman; Size-14

Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase

Line Spacing: 1.5 space 


Tables and Figures

Tables and Figures, if they are considered essential, should be clearly related to the section of the text to which they refer. In the text, mark the places where the figures should be placed by such remarks as “Figure 1 near here”, and include all your figures in a separate file, together with their captions.

Copyright material: it is the author/editor's responsibility to obtain permission from the author and/or publisher of any material that has previously been published.

 For more examples consult APA Manual or

Figure 1. Title below the figure TNR-12 Period at the end.     

Note: 1 – text; 2 – text; 3 – text.

Table 1

Title of the table TNR 12, italicized with no period at the end

Headline TNR-10




























In-text citations (examples):

Author’s name and date in brackets:
The experience of critical incidents and effective reflection upon them allows teachers to control their classroom actions more consciously and create critical events (CE’s), which were described earlier as intended, planned and controlled (Woods, 1993).
Woods (1993) believes that critical events are structured and occur in well-defined staged of conceptualization . . .

Two authors:
(Ballantyne & Packer, 1995)
As Ballantyne and Packer (1995) demonstrate …    

Three authors:
(Barker, Callahan, & Ferreira, 2009)

Subsequent use:
(Barker et al., 2009)

Six authors or more:
Lorenz et al. (1998) argued…
(Lorenz et al., 1998)

Authors whose last names are the same:
(D. Francis, 1985; H. Francis, 2004)

Online sources (unpaginated), provide paragraph or section title instead:
(Peterson & Clark, 1978, para. 4)
(Moss, Springer, & Dehr, 2008, Discussion section, para. 1)

No author, provide shortened title:
(“Primary Teachers Talking”, 2007)
(Reflective Practice, 2005, pp. 12−25)

Secondary citations:
Smith (as cited in Maxx & Meyer, 2000) noted that “there is . . .  .”

Citation within citation:
As it has been noted that “there is no relevance . . . (Smith, 2005)” (Maxx & Meyer, 2000, p. 129).

& vs. and:
As Smithson and Stones (1999) demonstrated. . .
. . . as has been shown (Smithson & Stones, 1999) . . .


Selected examples (for more consult APA manual 7th ed.):

Book: one author:
Goldberg, A. (2006). Constructions at work. Oxford University Press.

Book, two authors and more:
Jarvis, S., & Pavlenko A. (2008). Crosslinguistic influence in language cognition. Routledge.

Translated book:
Freud, S. (1960). Jokes and their relation to the unconscious. (J. Strachey, Trans.). Routledge & K. Paul. (Original work published 1905).

Edited book:
Flowerdew, J., Brock, M., & Hsia, S. (Eds.). (1992). Second language teacher education. City Polytechnic of Hong Kong.

Chapter in an edited book:
Goldberg, A., & Casenhiser, D. (2008). Construction learning and second language acquisition. In P. Robinson & N. Ellis (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive linguistics and second language acquisition (pp. 197–215). Routledge.

Article in a journal:
Hammarberg, B. (2010). The languages of the multilingual. Some conceptual and terminological issues. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 48, 91–104.

Article online:
Tully, K., & Bolshakov, V. Y. (2010). Emotional enhancement of memory: How norepinephrine enables synaptic plasticity. Molecular Brain, 13 May. Retrieved from
Bakker, A. B., Hakanen, J. J., Demerouti, E., Xanthopoulou, D. (2007). Job resources boost work engagement, particularly when job demands are high. Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(2), 274–284. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.99.2.274

Magazines online:
Miller, G. (2014, September 4). Cinematic cuts exploit how your brain edits what you see. Wired. Retrieved from
Smith, A. (2007, June 12). Dying languages. The Western Star. Retrieved from

Palmer, P. (2001). Now I become myself. Yes Magazine, blog post, 31 May. Retrieved from

Bolande, V. U. (1981). On the psychology of humor. Retrieved from:

Conference proceedings:
Souleles, N., & Pillar, C. (Eds.). (2014). Proceedings from the First International Conference on the Use of iPads in Higher Education. Paphos: Cyprus University of Technology.

Doctoral dissertation:
Churchwell, J. (2005). Becoming an academic: Factors that influence a graduate student’s identity commitment (Doctoral dissertation). University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Reachel, L. H. (2001). Native languages and toponyms: Origins, meaning, and use (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest dissertation and theses database. (Document ID 1964749161).


Summaries after References

Non-Polish Authors

First name last name


Title of the article in English



Indented text of the summary in English.

Polish Authors

First name last name


Title of the article in Polish




            Indented text of the summary in Polish.


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