The Roadmap of Collaboration Skills from Programmed Teaching to E-learning


The article presents the comparative analysis of the basic principles of pro-grammed teaching, and constructivism for their subsequent use in creating open learning didactics in view of the collaborative approach and collaboration-oriented activities. What is investigated is the fact that the same idea forms the basis of the two paradigms (constructivism and personal learning): the humanistic character of education, taking individual characteristics into account, the activity-based approach, and the collaborative activity of a student. The assumptions about increasing the efficiency of the educational process, based on the ideas of integrative unity of these concepts, are justified. Further development of the personally-oriented approach in terms of such interconnected approaches as e-learning, connectionism, and combined learning is discovered. Simultaneously, programmed teaching – also experiencing its renaissance – can be used effec-tively and purposefully in educational collaboration in connection with other paradigms.


Collaboration; programmed teaching; personally-oriented approach; constructivism; e-learning

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Published : 2016-02-01

MorzeN., MakhachashviliR., & Smyrnova-TrybulskaE. (2016). The Roadmap of Collaboration Skills from Programmed Teaching to E-learning. International Journal of Research in E-Learning, 2(1), 41-56. Retrieved from

Nataliia Morze 

PhD, professor, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, Department of Computer Sci-ence, Ukraine

Rusudan Makhachashvili 

PhD, professor, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, Ukraine

Eugenia Smyrnova-Trybulska 

PhD, hab., associate professor, University of Silesia in Katowice, Faculty of Ethnology and Educational Science in Cieszyn, Poland

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