Conscience — Synodality — Ecumenism


The reference point for deliberations is constituted by two documents: the Apostolic Constitution of Francis Episcopalis communio and the final document of XV General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops dedicated to the problems of young people Young People, the Faith, and Vocational Discernment. The synodal document presented the issues which were not discussed during the synodal sessions and concern the synodal path of the Church. The author reflects on common elements of both documents and interprets each of them in the light of the other one. He highlights the element of discernment of gifts, charisms, and conscience, which determine the position of the faithful in the ecclesial community and influence the bonds between them and the pastors of the Church. Extending the area of implementation of the synodal character of the Church allows the author to ask the question about the model of the presence of the Church in the world. The
author points out similarities between the synodal way and the methodology of ecumenical dialogue, which may affect summoning of the Synod dedicated to ecumenical issues.


Synod of Bishops; synodal path; ecumenical dialogue; similarities

Bertolino R.: Il nuovo diritto ecclesiale tra coscienza dell’uomo e istituzione. Saggi di diritto costituzionale canonico. Torino: G. Giappichelli Editore, 1989.

Coriden James A., Green T.J., Heintschel D.E. (eds.): The Code of Canon Law. A Text and Commentary. New York: Paulist Press, 1985.

Francis: “Abide in me as I abide in you” (Jn 15:4). Homily. Common Ecumenical Prayer at the Luteran Cathedral of Lund (31.10.2017).

Francis: As the Ordinary General Assembly. Speech. Ceremony Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Institution of the Synod of Bishop (17.10.2015).

Francis: Apostolic Constitution “Episcopalis communio” (15.09.2018).

Francis: “Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Rm 1, 7). Address to the Delegation of the Lutheran World Federation (25.06.2021).

Francis: Post-Synodal Apostolic Exhortation “Christus vivit” (25.03.2019).

Gałkowski T.: “Christian Conscience as a Sign of Unity in the Ecumenical Dialogue.” Ecumeny and Law 6 (2018), pp. 269—282.

Gałkowski T.: Prawo-Obowiązek. Pierwszeństwo i współzależność w porządkach prawnych: kanonicznym i społeczności świeckiej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo UKSW, 2007.

Gerosa L.: Carisma e diritto nella Chiesa. Riflessioni canonistiche sul «carisma originario» dei nuovi movimenti ecclesiali. Milano: Jaca Book, 1989.

Kasper W.: Kościół Katolicki. Istota, rzeczywistość, posłannictwo. Kraków: Wydawnictwo WAM, 2014.

Pastwa A.: “Sensus fidei fidelium. Legal and Ecumenical Reflection.” Ecumeny and Law 6 (2018), pp. 225—247.

Rees W.: “Ecumenical Cooperation in the Field of Catechesis, Religious Education, and Universities as well as Communicatio in Sacris according to the Ecumenical Directory.” Ecumeny and Law 6 (2018), pp. 131—185.

Sobański R.: Charisma et norma canonica. In: Ius in vita et in missione Ecclesiae. Acta symposii internationalis Iuris Canonici occurente X aniversario promugationis Codicis Iuris Canonici diebus 19-24 aprilis 1993 in Civitate Vaticana celebrati. Città del Vaticano 1994, pp. 75—90

Sobański R.: “W sprawie zasady formalnej prawa kościelnego.” Prawo Kanoniczne 30 (1987) 1—2, pp. 3—30.

Synod of Bishops: XV Ordinary General Assembly: Young People, the Faith and Vocational Discernment. Final Document (27.10.2018).

Vatican Council II: Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity “Apostolicam actuositatem” (18.11.1965).

Vatican Council II: Decree on the Mission Activity of the Church “Ad gentes” (7.12.1965).

Vatican Council II: Dogmatic Constitution on the Church “Lumen gentium” (21.11.1964).


Published : 2022-08-10

Tomasz Gałkowski
Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw  Poland

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Copyright Owners of the submitted texts grant the Reader the right to use the pdf documents under the provisions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International License: Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY SA). The user can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose.

1. License

The University of Silesia Press provides immediate open access to journal’s content under the Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license ( Authors who publish with this journal retain all copyrights and agree to the terms of the above-mentioned CC BY-SA 4.0 license.

2. Author’s Warranties

The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author/s, has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author/s.

If the article contains illustrative material (drawings, photos, graphs, maps), the author declares that the said works are of his authorship, they do not infringe the rights of the third party (including personal rights, i.a. the authorization to reproduce physical likeness) and the author holds exclusive proprietary copyrights. The author publishes the above works as part of the article under the licence "Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International".

ATTENTION! When the legal situation of the illustrative material has not been determined and the necessary consent has not been granted by the proprietary copyrights holders, the submitted material will not be accepted for editorial process. At the same time the author takes full responsibility for providing false data (this also regards covering the costs incurred by the University of Silesia Press and financial claims of the third party).

3. User Rights

Under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, the users are free to share (copy, distribute and transmit the contribution) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material) the article for any purpose, provided they attribute the contribution in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

4. Co-Authorship

If the article was prepared jointly with other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.

I hereby declare that in the event of withdrawal of the text from the publishing process or submitting it to another publisher without agreement from the editorial office, I agree to cover all costs incurred by the University of Silesia in connection with my application.