Publication Ethics

The journal respects the principles of publication ethics developed by the Comittee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Rules concerning ghostwriting and guest authorship (developed on the basis of the guidelines of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education)

Reliability in science is one of its qualitative foundations. The readers should be sure that the authors of the publication present the results of their work in a transparent, reliable and honest way, regardless of whether they are the direct authors of the work or whether they used the help of a specialized entity (natural or legal person).

A proof of an ethical attitude on the part of an academic employee and the highest editorial standards should be the disclosure of information about the entities contributing to the publication (content-related, material, financial, etc.), which is a manifestation of not only good manners but also social responsibility.

The opposite examples are "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship".

Ghostwriting" occurs when someone has made a significant contribution to a publication without disclosing his or her participation as one of the authors or without mentioning his or her role in the acknowledgments included in the publication.

Guest authorship" (Honorary authorship is when the author's contribution is negligible or nonexistent, and yet he or she is an author/co-author of the publication.

In order to prevent ghostwriting and guest authorship, the editorial board of a journal should introduce appropriate procedures specific to the field or discipline of science represented or implement the following solutions:

Editors should require authors of publications to disclose the contribution of individual authors to the publication (including their affiliations and contributions, i.e., information on who authored the concept, assumptions, methods, protocol, etc. used in the preparation of the publication), with the primary responsibility resting with the author submitting the manuscript.

"Ghostwriting", "guest authorship" are manifestations of scientific dishonesty, and any detected cases will be unmasked, including notification of relevant entities (institutions employing the authors, scientific societies, associations of scientific editors, etc.).

The editorial office shall be informed of the sources of funding for the publication, the contributions of scientific research institutions, associations and other entities ("financial disclosure").

The editorial office shall document all manifestations of scientific dishonesty, especially violations and breaches of ethical principles applicable in science.