Percepcja nienatywnych kategorii fonologicznych w mowie kierowanej do dorosłych i do dzieci. Badanie eksperymentalne


Abstrakt

W badaniu przedstawionym w artykule podjęto próbę ustalenia, czy dorośli słuchacze trafniej i szybciej rozpoznają niewystępujące w ich rodzimym języku kontrasty fonologiczne w mowie skierowanej do niemowląt niż w mowie skierowanej do dorosłych. Grupę badaną stanowiło 21 osób. Uczestnicy odsłuchiwali pary sygnałów, a ich zadanie polegało na możliwie szybkim zadecydowaniu, czy sygnały są tymi samymi czy różnymi słowami. Każda z par sygnałów obejmowała kontrast oparty na samogłosce lub spółgłosce i relewantny w języku źródłowym, lecz nie w polskim, tj. rodzimym języku badanych. Bodźce prezentowano w losowej kolejności, a każdy z nich występował w materiale dwukrotnie. Badanie nie wykazało istotnej różnicy między trafnością i szybkością reakcji uczestników na bodźce oparte na mowie skierowanej do niemowląt oraz skierowanej do dorosłych, mimo iż wykazano istotne różnice fonetyczno-akustyczne w nagranych wypowiedziach dla obu stylów wypowiedzi.


Słowa kluczowe

mowa kierowana do niemowląt; rodzime kategorie fonologiczne; obce kategorie fonologiczne; percepcja języka obcego

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Opublikowane : 2020-12-29


KarpińskiM., & KlessaK. (2020). Percepcja nienatywnych kategorii fonologicznych w mowie kierowanej do dorosłych i do dzieci. Badanie eksperymentalne. Logopedia Silesiana, (9), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.31261/LOGOPEDIASILESIANA.2020.09.13

Maciej Karpiński 
Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu  Polska
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5532-6188
Katarzyna Klessa 
Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu  Polska
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0419-2295